« »
July 7, 2016MTE

Critical Thinking Final Exam

Course: Critical Thinking (In MTE)
Grade: 92%
Teacher: Trent Coker

The time limit is 1.5 hours. No materials are permitted except ESV bible and Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

1. What is the “traditional Christian” view of Scripture?
According to selection 1, the “traditional Christian” view of Scripture claims that the New Testament is inspired by God and it is the standard of Christian religion. Also, the whole bible is God’s word and has authority over Christian religion.

2. According to selection 1, the problem is that it is not the central information of Christianity. He supports his claim by presenting that the traditional view is not accept as a universal church creed in the period of early church. Many early Christians even had never heard about the NT.

3. The phrase means “the most central thing.” He uses the phrase because he wants to argue that the belief of the divine inspiration of the Scripture is not good and not so important to Christian religion. The belief is false, but Christianity also accepts it and practices it in their daily worship.

4. Thesis: Even though the traditional view which says that the NT is inspired by God is false, Christianity also accepts it and practices it as a central thing in their daily worship.

5. Summary
In the selection which selected from his article “Warranted Christian Belief,” the author demonstrates that even though the traditional view which says that even though the NT is inspired by God is false, Christianity also accepts it and practices it as a central thing in their daily worship. First, he defines the meaning of the “traditional Christian” view of Scripture, in which he says that the “traditional Christian” view of Scripture claims that the New Testament is inspired by God and it is the standard of Christian religion. Also, the whole bible is God’s word and has authority over Christian religion. Second, he presents his argument , in which he says against the traditional view. He points out that the view is not the central information of Christianity. He supports his claim by presenting that the traditional view is not accept as a universal church creed in the period of early church. Finally, he gives his argument by claiming that even though it is unreasonable to support such an idea which asserts that the NT is inspired by God, Christianity also accepts it and practices it as a central thing in their daily worship.

6. According to selection 2, the Bible’s authority based on the truth that it is spoken by the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. The authority does not based on any human supporting reasons. Just because the Scripture is the Word of God.

7. I do not think that Dr. Oliphint would agree with Plantinga. In my opinion, Plantinga says that the NT is not inspired by God; on the other hand, Dr. Oliphint only ascribe the authority of the Scripture to God himself. Plantinga lends outside evidences to support his thesis. However, Dr. Oliphint only uses internal testimony, i.e., reasons that com from God himself as his supporting details. In addition, their perspectives on the issue are clearly contradictory. Oliphint is a reformed Christian worldview, while Plantinga seems like a secular scholar or a liberal Christian worldview. Their stances on the topic of inspiration is not only totally different but also the two aspects of a coin.

8. Thesis: The authority of Bible only based on the fact that it is spoken by the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. The authority does not based on any human supporting reasons. Just because the Scripture is the Word of God.

9. In the selection which is selected from his book “Covenantal Apologetics: Principles & Practice in Defense of Our Faith,” Dr. Oliphint demonstrates that the authority of Bible only based on the fact that it is spoken by the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. The authority does not based on any human supporting reasons. Just because the Scripture is the Word of God. First, he says that the Scripture is spoken by Christ and it is always true. Second, he points out that the authority of Bible only based on God because the Bible only comes from God and we cannot ascribe the authority to any other human authors or churches, in which he illustrates his argument by giving the example of Westminster Confession of Faith.

10.
Problem 1: Vague
He presents a vague example that Paul himself does not believe that the Bible is inspired by God. Personally speaking, he needs to give more supporting information about the belief of Paul, that is, he lacks of essential details of the claim that “Paul no doubt didn’t believe that the Bible was divinely inspired.” So he is not precise here.

Problem 2: Inconsistence
He alleges that the concept of the divine inspiration of the Scripture is false and it is not an essential message of Christianity, but at the end of the selection, he says that all Christians accept the message as the central of their daily worship. The two arguments contradicts each other.

12. In my opinion, Dr. Oliphint would say that human beings do not have the final decision on the authority of the Scripture, as well as church councils. For the authority of the Scripture only based on God himself because it is spoken by God through his son. Also, Paul the Apostle is also an average person, and he is not God. In addition, even though we cannot find evidences that show that early church did not accept the traditional view as an official creed, it is not a strong reason that can persuade his readers the divine inspiration is not true, because the church may add it later. Besides, Paul does not say that the NT is not inspired by God. Paul says in Colossians 3:16: “In Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God. (ESV)”

[Extra Credit]
I like reading philosophical and theological passages in the course.

|2|1


日志信息 »

该日志于2016-07-07 14:59由 ocweng 发表在MTE分类下, 你可以发表评论。除了可以将这个日志以保留源地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客,还可以通过RSS 2.0订阅这个日志的所有评论。

没有评论

发表评论 »

返回顶部