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【AP 101】护教学导论:Chang Lecture Response

课程:【AP 101】Introduction to Apologetics 护教学导论
教授:Dr. William Edgar
学期:2016 Fall

Chang Lecture Response I

         In the lecture, Joanny Chang focuses on the topic of Confucian ethics, and she discusses the development of Confucianism in ancient China chronologically. I will demonstrate that strictly speaking, Confucianism is not a religion, and then I will critique the worldview of Confucianists. To begin with, as for me, even though the system of Confucianism seems religious (and superficially speaking of Confucianism, it even has some notions in common with Christianity, such as the notion and the consciousness of heaven as believed by kings of the Zhou dynasty), 继续阅读 »


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可爱的 Ocean 正在准备期末考试,一大堆东西背的想吐血,想找点儿别的事情做做。我过去的学校生活一直丰富多彩,脑洞大开,有一大堆东西可以写。所以我现在就来写个微型回忆录,说说我是怎么在上高中、大学的时候,逃了几乎所有中国学生都逃不掉的军训。

我是在 2006 年上高中,这时候我 14 岁。军训一共 7 天,我渐渐发现这差事不好玩,所以就挖空心思琢磨怎么能逃掉它。于是,有一次中间休息的时候,我就去厕所了,偷着用手指头抠嗓子眼。玩过这东西的人都知道,只要抠到恶心的时候,自然就会吐出来一大堆八宝粥似的东西,不仅如此,还会伴随着 “念天地之悠悠,独怆然而涕下” 附加红彤彤、泛着泪花的眼眶。我在完成了以上任务之后,叫一起跟我上厕所的同学去告诉班主任,说我身体严重不舒服。班主任看到我这德性,就直接让我回家了。后来我又把自己抠吐了一次,在家又呆了一天,第二天也没去(就说在家打吊瓶)。

我是在 2009 年上大学,军训是 2010 年,一共 11 天。因为是大学,对军训的要求比高中严格,军训还算学分,所以这时候就得玩点儿高级的了。 继续阅读 »


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【ST 101】神学导论:Digest 3

课程:【ST 101】Prolegomena 神学导论
教授:Dr. David Garner
学期:2016 Fall
成绩:99% (A)

E. J. Young, Thy Word is Truth (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1957), Chapters 3, 5 (pp. 65–82, 113–138)
           In chapter 3, Young demonstrates that the Bible is also written by human authors. At the very beginning, Young refutes the false understanding of the doctrine of inspiration. Then, Young says that according to the Bible, the human authors are the instruments of God who speaks his word through the authors. Then, he states, human authors are both holy men and sinful men, and according to the New Testament, the authors are real men. However, Young points out that God also prepares the human authors in their daily lives so that they can complete the writing tasks, and that this is the providential work of God. 继续阅读 »


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【NT 101】新约导论 I:Assessment Paper

课程:【NT 101】Introduction to the New Testament I 新约导论 I
教授:Dr. Brandon Crowe
学期:2016 Fall
成绩:99% (A)

Comparison and Contrast on Canon

        When it comes to the topic of canon, the perspective of the Kruger passage from “Canon Revisited”1 is the opposite of that of the McDonald passage2 

        Kruger’s reasons are to support the thesis that the authority of the canon only depends on the canon itself. First, Kruger refutes the claim that the canon is determined by the community. As Kruger has mentioned, human involvement does not eliminate the possibility that God acts (internal evidence) in the development of the canon, and the development of the canon is not based on the human construction, but only based on the ultimate authority of 继续阅读 »


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我在西敏神学院 2017 年春季学期选了什么课?

学校规定全职学生每学期修 12 个学分以上, 但是冬季和春季学期的学分只要加在一起满足 12 个就可以了。不过,虽然规定国际学生必须全职读书,但你如果是 3 年的 M.A.R. 和 4 年的 M.Div.,你每学期可以修 12 个以下,跟 Jesse 申请一下就可以了。只不过修不到 12 个学分享受不了 50 美元的优惠(如果没有延迟交学费,学校会少收 50 块钱)。不过我在这里只是说一个政策,并不是说我想修 12 个以下。但是我也不想修的那么鞠躬尽瘁。所以我冬季就不上课,我冬季也不用上课,因为冬季我如果上课的话,我在那个时候的必修课只有 Hebrew 2 ,而 2 在春天也一样开设,并且让我最担心的 NT 123 Hermeneutics(释经学)这门课的 prerequisite(意思是你可以修完 Hebrew 2 再来上 Hermeneutics,也可以 Hebrew 2 和 Hermeneutics 一起上。) 要求的 Hebrew 是 2 而不是 3,所以我这么急着把 2 上完也没有价值。我就把春季学期的课程斟酌再斟酌,明年春季学期的课,对于我来说真的有太多衔接的选择了,比如我现在有 Hebrew I ,我就可以衔接 Intro to the Old Testament。我现在有 Prolegomena,我就可以衔接 Doctrine of God 。我现在有 Intro to Apologetics ,我就可以衔接 Principles of Christian Apologetics。很明显我当然不可能把这些课都选上,所以我只能挑对于我来说最重要的那些先选。我选了 15 个学分,其中有 11 个学分是我必须要尽早解决掉的必修课,我没得选择:

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【ST 101】神学导论:Digest 2

课程:【ST 101】Prolegomena 神学导论
教授:Dr. David Garner
学期:2016 Fall
成绩:99% (A)

Herman Bavinck, Reformed Dogmatics (ed. by John Bolt; transl. by John Vriend; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003), 1:353–85.
         In this passage, Bavinck refutes naturalism (rationalism) and Roman Catholic supernaturalism, which are two ways that wrongly interpret the meaning of the doctrine of revelation. In the first place, Bavinck uses the reformational view to prove Roman Catholic supernaturalism to be erroneous. In the second place, Bavinck points out the scriptural interpretation of revelation as a contrast to rationalistic naturalism.
         To begin with, Bavinck argues that Roman Catholic supernaturalism misinterprets the difference between the natural and the supernatural. Then Bavinck gives nuances to the two terms, saying that nature tends to be a more broad meaning that it encompasses the range of all the visible and invisible world, which draws a distinction between the natural and the supernatural. 继续阅读 »


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【CH 221】早期教会史:Online Lectures Summary

课程:【CH 221】Ancient Church 早期教会史
教授:Dr. Carl Trueman
学期:2016 Fall
成绩:Pass/Fail 计算

         In the first lecture, Dr. Trueman focuses on the topic of the doctrine of inerrancy of the Bible. He points out three notions. The first notion is inscripturation. Inscripturation is the idea that God’s revelation can itself be expressed adequately in a verbal form, and Scripture itself points to the phenomenon that nothing is more fundamental to God’s identity than the fact that he speaks. There are three elements to this point: church government, or the structure of the church; the rule of faith; and Scripture, which is the standard and the foundation.Second, the notion of inspiration refers to Scripture as inspired and spoken by the Spirit. As Dr. Trueman stated, the Apostolic Fathers believed the dictation theory of inerrancy. They put the Scripture in relation to the existence of God. 继续阅读 »


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【ST 101】神学导论:Digest 1

课程:【ST 101】Prolegomena 神学导论
教授:Dr. David Garner
学期:2016 Fall
成绩:97% (A)

Geerhardus Vos, Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1994), 3–26.
          In chapter one, Vos discusses what Biblical Theology is and how he does Biblical Theology. Vos defines Biblical Theology as “the process of the self-revelation of God deposited in the Bible” (Vos, 5). First, Vos discusses the relationship between the revelation-process and the redemptive process, saying that they co-exist, yet the revelation-process ceases earlier than the redemptive process. By distinguishing the “objective and central” (Vos, 6) aspect and the “subjective and individual” (Vos, 6) aspect of redemption, Vos thinks that now revelation is only in relation to the “objective and central” (Vos, 6) redemptive process because the revelation in Scripture has ceased, yet the revelation in Scripture also largely affects the “subjective and individual” (Vos, 6) redemption. Second, Vos connects act revelation and word revelation. 继续阅读 »


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